Soft Tissue Grafting
If gum recession is present and tooth roots are exposed, we may recommend a gum graft. This procedure controls and prevents further gum recession and subsequent damage to the surrounding teeth and bone structure. Often, a soft tissue graft also improves the appearance of a patient’s smile and sensitivity to heat and cold.
During a soft-tissue graft, we surgically place soft tissue to cover the exposed root area as much as possible. Often, a tissue flap is created to join the added tissue to the existing gums to facilitate tissue growth and healing. This procedure may be used to treat one or several adjacent teeth during the surgery.
Why gum grafting may be recommended…
There are times when there are cosmetic reasons to perform a gum graft. In these cases, a soft tissue graft can improve the appearance of a smile even if the patient does not have a medical reason to perform the procedure. If the gum tissue is uneven or does not provide sufficient protection of the tooth’s root, a patient may elect to have a gum graft to improve the appearance of their smile and make the teeth appear more proportionate or even.
The most common reason to perform a gum grafting procedure is to correct the effects of gum recession. Gum recession can be mild and is often a natural part of aging, but the receding gums can expose part of the tooth root and cause sensitivity to heat and cold. Patients may choose to have a gum graft to reduce the sensitivity they are experiencing due to gum recession.
More often, however, gum recession results from periodontal disease, and there are important oral health and medical reasons to perform a gum graft procedure. Gum recession affects your smile’s aesthetics, tooth sensitivity, and oral health and wellness. Receding gums leave tooth roots exposed and vulnerable to decay, instability, and tooth loss, leading to loss of the bone structure supporting the teeth. Gum grafts are an effective way to cover and protect tooth roots, helping extend the health of the tooth and supporting bone structures.